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福建省农村集体经济发展现状分析与优化路径探索 认领

Analysis of the Current Situation of Rural Collective Economic Development in Fujian Province and Exploration of Its Optimization Path
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摘要 农村集体经济的迅速发展在改革开放之后对福建省解决农民就业,提高农民收入,加快农村建设发挥了至关重要的作用。但由于各种制度瓶颈与市场经济改革推进逐渐脱节,福建省的农村集体经济,已逐渐趋于弱化,甚至出现空心化趋势。但随着国家乡村振兴战略与福建省相关政策的出台,如农村土地产权制度"三权分置"革新的推进,以及利用集体建设用地建设租赁住房试点方案的创新探索又给农村集体经济发展破除制度瓶颈,迎来新的发展机遇提供了可能。本文在分析福建省农村集体经济的发展历程、发展形势、面临问题与制度革新的基础上,以及通过分析法律制度、激励机制以及信息互动机制的建立对于实现农村集体经济跨区域协调发展的重要性,对探索新时期福建省农村集体经济发展的优化路径提出部分政策建议。 The rapid development of rural collective economy played a vital role in Fujian’s settlement of peasant employment,raising peasants’income and accelerating rural construction after the reform and opening up,and has always occupied an important position in the rural economic development of Fujian Province.However,due to the gradual disconnection between various institutional bottlenecks and the reform of market economy,the rural collective economy under the institutional constraints has gradually weakened and even hollowed out.However,with the introduction of the National Rural Revitalization Strategy and the relevant policies of Fujian Province,such as the promotion of the"Separation of powers"reform of the rural land property rights system,and the innovative exploration of the pilot project of using the collective construction land to build rental housing has also opened up the institutional bottleneck of the rural collective economic development and offer new opportunities for development.Based on the analysis of the development process,development situation,problems and institutional innovation of rural collective economy in Fujian Province,this paper puts forward some policy recommendations for exploring the optimization path of rural collective economic development in Fujian Province in the new period.In addition,through the analysis of the importance of legal system,incentive mechanism and information interaction mechanism to realize the cross-regional coordinated development of rural collective economy,the optimization path of rural collective economic development is further explored.
作者 戴青兰 Dai QingLan(School of Marxism,Quanzhou Normal University,Quanzhou362000)
出处 《中国农村研究》 2019年第1期187-205,共19页 China Rural Studies
基金 2018年度福建省社科研究基地重大项目“走进中国乡村——新时代大学生对农村基层的近距离感悟”(项目批准号:FJ2018JDZ035) 2019年福建省社科规划项目“马克思主义农业合作思想视域下我省新型农村集体经济发展研究”(项目编号:FJ2019B027)。
关键词 农村集体经济 “三权分置” 乡村振兴 土地流转 rural collective economy "separation of powers" rural revitalization land transfer
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