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The Rice Processing Industry in Nepal: Constraints and Opportunities 认领
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作者 Krishna Dev Joshi Santosh Upadhyay +3 位作者 Pashupati Chaudhary Suchit Shrestha Kamal Bhattarai Bhaba Prasad Tripathi 《农业科学(英文)》 2020年第11期1060-1080,共21页
A rice mill survey covering diverse rice processing companies in terms of their milling output, type of technology and year of establishment was conducted to understand the current situation of the rice milling indust... A rice mill survey covering diverse rice processing companies in terms of their milling output, type of technology and year of establishment was conducted to understand the current situation of the rice milling industry and to identify enablers and barriers to its growth in Nepal. Coarse rice varieties dominate Nepal’s rice processing industry, with a 42% share by total weight, followed by medium rice (34%) and fine varieties (less than 7%). Polished white rice (<em>Arwa</em>) was the dominant rice type in Nepal in the survey, followed by parboiled and steamed rice. The price and profit margins increased from coarse to fine rice varieties and from <em>Arwa</em> to parboiled and steamed rice. The cost of milling also followed a similar trend. The rice milling industry in Nepal largely influences the adoption or non-adoption of any specific type of rice variety by dictating specific brands in the market and this has important implications for rice research and development. The rice processing industry of Nepal was unable to compete with the Indian rice milling industry because of: 1) low profit margins due to the high cost of rice production and procurement, 2) a lack of economies of scale, 3) a lack of milling technologies for long and extra-long and steamed rice in the country and a lack of investment to modernize rice milling technology, and 4) unavailability of paddy throughout the year locally. Millers were willing to upgrade their rice milling technology to include high throughput parboiling, steamed rice as well as long and extra-long grain rice. This will be a strategic decision in counteracting the ever-increasing rice imports in Nepal. We believe that the findings of the study will be vital for formulating an appropriate rice research, development and rice processing strategy for Nepal to achieve food and nutritional security and the Sustainable Development Goals. 展开更多
关键词 Rice Industry Grain Quality Economy of Scale Rice Varieties Rice Imports Value Chain Processing Technology Efficiency Profit Margins New Strategy Nepal
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China's textile and apparel industry is advancing under pressure in 2020 认领
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作者 Zhao Xinhua Zhong Mengxia 《中国纺织:英文版》 2020年第5期44-46,共3页
In the first quarter,China's textile and apparel trade was USD 52.48 billion,a year-on-year decrease of 15.5%.Among them,exports were USD 46.35 billion,down 17.7%;imports were USD 6.13 billion,up 5.4%.Its main cha... In the first quarter,China's textile and apparel trade was USD 52.48 billion,a year-on-year decrease of 15.5%.Among them,exports were USD 46.35 billion,down 17.7%;imports were USD 6.13 billion,up 5.4%.Its main characteristics are as follows:First,production gradually recovered in March,and exports have rebounded significantly compared with February. 展开更多
关键词 IMPORTS INDUSTRY billi
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The downturn and turnaround of American textile and apparel industry 认领
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作者 Zhao Xinhua Zhong Mengxia 《中国纺织:英文版》 2020年第5期49-50,共2页
The current pandemic situation of COVID-19 is still severe in the United States,and global economic activities have been greatly affected.The pandemic has brought a severe blow to America's economy as well as some... The current pandemic situation of COVID-19 is still severe in the United States,and global economic activities have been greatly affected.The pandemic has brought a severe blow to America's economy as well as some opportunities.U.S.textile and apparel import report in April released U.S.imports of cotton,wool,man-made fiber,silk blends,and non-cotton,vegetable fber textile and apparel products totaled 4,009. 展开更多
关键词 IMPORTS COTTON industry
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Lebanon Offers the Freest Investment Environment in the Middle East—Exclusive Interview with H.E.Milia Jabbour,Ambassador of Lebanon to China 认领
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作者 Lily Wang 《中国对外贸易:英文版》 2020年第5期18-19,共2页
"In the past few years,the trade relationship between Lebanon and China has been growing steadily.China has become Lebanon’s largest trade partner,and 10%of Lebanon’s imports come from China."H.E.Milia Jab... "In the past few years,the trade relationship between Lebanon and China has been growing steadily.China has become Lebanon’s largest trade partner,and 10%of Lebanon’s imports come from China."H.E.Milia Jabbour,Ambassador of Lebanon to China explained in a recent interview by China’s Foreign Trade that despite the COVID-19 epidemic and slowing global trade,she is still optimistic about the trade and business cooperation between Lebanon and China. 展开更多
关键词 China. MIDDLE IMPORTS
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The Econometer 认领
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《中国与非洲:英文版》 2020年第10期48-49,共2页
There is a considerable increase in Chinese consum ers,buying power,a growing integration between the Chinese and global economies,an increasing Chinese policy emphasis on promoting imports and a consistently reaffirm... There is a considerable increase in Chinese consum ers,buying power,a growing integration between the Chinese and global economies,an increasing Chinese policy emphasis on promoting imports and a consistently reaffirmed commitment to economic reform and openness from China. 展开更多
关键词 IMPORTS China. POLICY
China textile machinery industry economic operation report 2019:Import and export of textile machinery industry 认领
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《中国纺织:英文版》 2020年第3期24-27,共4页
According to customs statistics,from January to December 2019,China’s textile machinery import and export totaled USD 7.116 billion,a decrease of 3.81%year-on-year.Of which:textile machinery imports were USD 3.333 bi... According to customs statistics,from January to December 2019,China’s textile machinery import and export totaled USD 7.116 billion,a decrease of 3.81%year-on-year.Of which:textile machinery imports were USD 3.333 billion,a decrease of 10.49% year-on-year;exports were USD 3.783 billion,an increase of 2.96% year-on-year.The growth rate of exports is significantly greater than the growth rate of imports,and the trade surplus has been maintained since this year. 展开更多
关键词 IMPORTS MACHINERY maintained
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Post-COVID-19 Shift in the Seafood Industry Means Opportunity for Africa 认领
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《中国与非洲:英文版》 2020年第8期46-47,共2页
With China’s population now exceeding 1.4 billion, exporte rs g lo b a l ly a re vying to tap into this market. Industries such as seafood see billions of dollars change hands, with China’s seafood imports worth $15... With China’s population now exceeding 1.4 billion, exporte rs g lo b a l ly a re vying to tap into this market. Industries such as seafood see billions of dollars change hands, with China’s seafood imports worth $15.6 billion in 2019. This positions China as an important export destination for many African seafood producers. 展开更多
关键词 IMPORTS DOLLAR EXCEEDING
Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak on the Natural Gas and LNG Market 认领
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作者 Zhou Tianhang Liu Guizhou 《中国油气:英文版》 CAS 2020年第1期51-55,共5页
China’s economy and energy markets play a significant role in the world According to the national economic data released by the National Bureau of Statistics on January 19th,2019,China’s GDP has reached about RMB 99... China’s economy and energy markets play a significant role in the world According to the national economic data released by the National Bureau of Statistics on January 19th,2019,China’s GDP has reached about RMB 99.1 trillion,ranking second in the world,and a total volume of imports and exports of RMB 31.5 trillion,divided between RMB 17.2 trillion in exports and RMB 14.3 trillion in imports.China continues to maintain its position as the largest trading country in the world. 展开更多
关键词 TRADING IMPORTS Market
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Detailed explanation of textile and apparel foreign trade in the first 7 months 认领
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作者 Zhao Xinhua 《中国纺织:英文版》 2020年第7期31-33,共3页
Trade data In July,the total import and export value of national trade in goods was USD 412.93 billion,an increase of 3.4%year-on-year(the same below),of which exports were USD 237.63 billion,an increase of 7.2%,and i... Trade data In July,the total import and export value of national trade in goods was USD 412.93 billion,an increase of 3.4%year-on-year(the same below),of which exports were USD 237.63 billion,an increase of 7.2%,and imports were USD 175.3 billion,a decrease of 1.4%.The trade surplus for the month was USD 62.33 billion.From January to July,the total import and export value was USD 244.263 billion,a year-on-year decrease of 4.8%,of which exports were USD 133.638 billion,a decrease of 4.1%,imports were USD 110.625 billion,a decrease of 75.7%,and a cumulative surplus of USD 230.13 billion was achieved. 展开更多
关键词 IMPORTS TRADE EXPLANATION
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How Media Opinion Influences Imports in the US 认领
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作者 李钢 孟丽君 《中国经济学人:英文版》 2020年第6期52-67,共16页
Does public opinion influence US imports?Do countries with a good reputation export more to the US?And vice versa?Based on an extended trade gravity model,this paper employs news data from the GDELT database and US mo... Does public opinion influence US imports?Do countries with a good reputation export more to the US?And vice versa?Based on an extended trade gravity model,this paper employs news data from the GDELT database and US monthly import data to create an indicator of the influence of public opinion to examine the effects of US domestic public opinion on imports.Our research findings suggest that:(i)US public opinion influences US imports.Specifically,(ii)when public opinion turned negative during 2013-2017,it exerted a significantly negative effect on US imports;when public opinion was favorable during 2008-2012,it exerted an insignificantly positive effect on US imports.(iii)According to the pulse response function and variance decomposition,negative public opinion exerted a more significant and more lasting effect on US imports compared with positive public opinion.(iv)It can be discovered after further decomposing such effects on product categories that significant product heterogeneity exists in the public opinion effects on US imports:Complex and differentiated products are more influenced by negative public opinion while homogeneous and intermediate products are more influenced by positive public opinion. 展开更多
关键词 public opinion trade barriers US imports product heterogeneity JEL Classification Codes:E7 F14
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China’s alfalfa market and imports: Development, trends, and potential impacts of the U.S.-China trade dispute and retaliations 认领
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作者 Qingbin WANG ZOU Yang 《农业科学学报:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期1149-1158,共10页
This study examines the development and trends of China’s alfalfa market and imports, identifies key factors for the rapid increase in China’s alfalfa imports, and discusses potential impacts of the U.S.-China trade... This study examines the development and trends of China’s alfalfa market and imports, identifies key factors for the rapid increase in China’s alfalfa imports, and discusses potential impacts of the U.S.-China trade dispute and retaliations on the alfalfa markets and trade in both nations. China’s rapid transition toward larger-scale commercial dairy production, with enhanced feed and cost management as well as quality and safety control, and its limited resources for high-quality alfalfa production are key factors for the dramatic increase in its alfalfa imports, from 19 601 metric tons in 2008 to 1.38 million metric tons(mmt) in 2018. While the United States dominated China’s alfalfa imports with an average share of 97.01% from 2007 to 2017, the share dropped to 83.76% in 2018 and 63.28% in January 2019 due to the trade dispute and retaliations started in 2018. China will likely remain a large importer of alfalfa because of both its growing demand and the comparative advantages of imported alfalfa in quality and price, but the imports from the United States will be highly affected by the ongoing trade dispute and negotiations. China is also expected to make more efforts to reduce its dependence on U.S. alfalfa through increased investment in domestic alfalfa production and identification of alternative sources of alfalfa and other hay imports. 展开更多
关键词 China’s ALFALFA IMPORTS U.S.alfalfa exports DAIRY industrialization U.S.-China trade DISPUTE and retaliations GM-free standards
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近期中国天然气发展回顾与未来趋势展望 认领
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作者 周庆凡 《中外能源》 CAS 2020年第11期1-8,共8页
2008~2019年中国天然气产业快速发展,已迈入世界天然气大国行列。天然气消费量快速增长,年均复合增长率达12.8%,已成为世界第三大天然气消费国。在一次能源消费中天然气占比不断提升,2019年达到7.8%。天然气储量不断增长,天然气证实储... 2008~2019年中国天然气产业快速发展,已迈入世界天然气大国行列。天然气消费量快速增长,年均复合增长率达12.8%,已成为世界第三大天然气消费国。在一次能源消费中天然气占比不断提升,2019年达到7.8%。天然气储量不断增长,天然气证实储量年均复合增长率约10.9%。天然气产量持续增长,年均复合增速为7.4%,2011年迈上1000×10^8m^3的台阶,目前为世界第五大产气国。天然气进口快速增长,2018年和2019年为世界第一大天然气进口国。天然气对外依存度持续升高,2008~2019年对外依存度上升了38个百分点以上,目前对外依存度接近45%。未来较长时期中国天然气消费量和产量仍将继续增长,但增长速率逐步放缓。未来中国天然气发展还充满挑战和不确定性,新冠疫情、能源转型、技术进步和天然气资源基础等因素都将影响中国天然气的发展趋势。 展开更多
关键词 天然气 消费量 储量 产量 进口量 对外依存度
Emboldened By Independence Chinese drone companies rise in global competition 认领
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作者 Li Xiaoyang 《北京周报:英文版》 2020年第38期38-39,共2页
After two years of investigation.the U.S.lnternational Trade Commission.(TC) announced at the end of August that it would not enforce a ban on drones of Da Jiang Innovations(DJI).a Chinese unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV)... After two years of investigation.the U.S.lnternational Trade Commission.(TC) announced at the end of August that it would not enforce a ban on drones of Da Jiang Innovations(DJI).a Chinese unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV)maker.marking a victory for the company in a patent infringement suit.The investigation aimed at preventing intellectual property right infringement of U.S.products and un-fair competition in imports. 展开更多
关键词 COMPANIES IMPORTS property
进口贸易对我国技能工资差距的影响——基于替代和技能偏向型技术进步效应的实证研究 认领
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作者 申朴 刘康兵 朱雨静 《复旦学报:社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第6期154-164,共11页
文章基于不同来源地进口品的技术复杂度差异,运用修正的明瑟工资方程,结合CGSS2015微观个体调查数据和相关省级层面数据,研究了进口贸易引致的替代效应和技能偏向型技术进步效应对我国技能工资差距的影响。研究发现:(1)从发展中经济体... 文章基于不同来源地进口品的技术复杂度差异,运用修正的明瑟工资方程,结合CGSS2015微观个体调查数据和相关省级层面数据,研究了进口贸易引致的替代效应和技能偏向型技术进步效应对我国技能工资差距的影响。研究发现:(1)从发展中经济体进口对我国低技能劳动产生了显著替代效应,自发达经济体进口则显著替代了中等技能劳动;(2)源于发达经济体的进口具有显著的技能偏向型技术进步效应,但主要作用于中、高技能劳动;(3)进口对我国劳动力市场技能结构和技能工资溢价的最终影响,取决于两种效应的相对大小。总体而言,进口贸易趋向于加剧我国技能溢价现象,解释了我国劳动力市场技能结构变迁和技能工资差距扩大的贸易原因。文章最后还讨论了上述结论的政策含义。 展开更多
关键词 进口 技能溢价 替代效应 技能偏向型技术进步
A Hierarchical Forecasting Model for China's Foreign Trade 认领
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作者 SUN Yuying ZHANG Xun WANG Shouyang 《系统科学与复杂性学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2020年第3期743-759,共17页
Analyzing the underlying characteristics of trade values movements has attracted much attention in the domestic research.However,the proposed understanding of these characteristics is limited by the intrinsic complexi... Analyzing the underlying characteristics of trade values movements has attracted much attention in the domestic research.However,the proposed understanding of these characteristics is limited by the intrinsic complexity of the imports/exports.Since economic systems are naturally organized by hierarchies,a novel hierarchical model is proposed in this paper to forecast China's foreign trade.First,the foreign trade data are disaggregated from perspectives of trading partners and trading products,forming two independent hierarchical models with total exports and imports as target variables.Second,a bottom-up strategy is applied.All bottom time series are modelled by corresponding control variables according to trading theories.Forecasts for bottom time series are then combined to generate initial forecasts for total exports and imports.Finally,forecasts for total imports and exports from the two hierarchical models,plus a single VECM model are combined to generate final forecasts.Empirical experiments show that this proposed forecasting model approach significantly outperforms benchmark models and produces consistent forecasts for both total imports and exports or detailed items,which helps a lot for analyzing future trading structure evolution and making foreign trade policies. 展开更多
关键词 Decomposed and combined models exports and imports forecasts HIERARCHY trade structure
INNOVATION COOPERATION FOR REGIONAL RECOVERY:INTERVIEW WITH DEPUTY SECRETARY-GENERAL FOR ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY ALADDIN D.RILLO 认领
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作者 Tian Yuan 《中国东盟报道(英文)》 2020年第8期50-51,共2页
In the first half of 2020,ASEAN overtook the United States and European Union to become China’s largest trading partner in goods for the first time.From January to June,the value of trade between China and ASEAN reac... In the first half of 2020,ASEAN overtook the United States and European Union to become China’s largest trading partner in goods for the first time.From January to June,the value of trade between China and ASEAN reached US$297.89 billion,up2.2 percent compared with the same period last year.China’s exports to ASEAN reached US$164.04 billion,flat yearon-year,while China’s imports from ASEAN totaled US$133.85billion,up 5 percent from the same period in 2019. 展开更多
关键词 TRADING IMPORTS ASEAN
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Empirical Analysis of Gross Domestic Product and Coal Import Based on VAR Model 认领
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作者 Shichang Shen Chao Feng 《理论数学进展(英文)》 2019年第7期619-628,共10页
The speed of China’s economic development is gradually accelerating, and the demand for energy is also constantly increasing, especially the demand for coal. In order to reveal whether the coal imports have an impact... The speed of China’s economic development is gradually accelerating, and the demand for energy is also constantly increasing, especially the demand for coal. In order to reveal whether the coal imports have an impact on China’s economic development, this paper constructs the VAR(6) model by selecting the quarterly data of coal imports (CIV) and gross domestic product (GDP) from 2002 to 2017, performing ADF (Augmented Dickey-Fuller) stationarity test and Johansen cointegration test. It shows that there is a long-term stable equilibrium relationship between coal imports and GDP. Then the impulse response function is used to obtain the relationship between coal imports and GDP. It is found that the impact of coal imports on GDP is greater than the impact of GDP on coal imports. 展开更多
关键词 COAL IMPORTS GROSS DOMESTIC Product VAR Model IMPULSE Response Function
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稻谷最低收购价政策对“三量齐增”现象影响的实证研究 认领
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作者 刘芳青 祁春节 《广东农业科学》 CAS 2019年第6期165-172,共8页
【目的】最低收购价政策是我国促进农业发展的一项重要政策,通过最低收购价政策对稻谷“三量齐增”现象的影响实证研究,为我国农业供给侧结构性改革提供参考。【方法】以2002—2016年数据为样本,采用联立方程组的方法研究最低收购价政... 【目的】最低收购价政策是我国促进农业发展的一项重要政策,通过最低收购价政策对稻谷“三量齐增”现象的影响实证研究,为我国农业供给侧结构性改革提供参考。【方法】以2002—2016年数据为样本,采用联立方程组的方法研究最低收购价政策对稻谷产量、进口量和库存量方面的影响。【结果】最低收购价格通过影响我国稻谷播种面积促使我国稻谷产量增加,产量年均增长约6%;最低收购价格政策显著促进了我国国内稻米价格的提高,年均提高约36.3%,进而显著地促进我国稻谷进口量增加;最低收购价格政策通过影响供需状况促使我国稻谷库存量增加。【结论】我国正处于调整稻谷最低收购价政策的关键期,建议灵活调整最低收购价格,把握好农业支持政策的平衡,在提高国际竞争力上下更大功夫。 展开更多
关键词 最低收购价政策 产量 进口量 库存量
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What Determines China's Grain Imports and Self-sufficiency? The Role of Rising Domestic Costs and Varying World Market Prices 认领
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作者 Wusheng Yu Tianxiang Li Jing Zhu 《中国与世界经济:英文版》 SCIE 2019年第5期1-24,共24页
China s grain sectors have faced unprecedented challenges in recent years as the ever-increasing and historically high level of grain output has failed to reduce grain imports. On the contrary, high grain imports and ... China s grain sectors have faced unprecedented challenges in recent years as the ever-increasing and historically high level of grain output has failed to reduce grain imports. On the contrary, high grain imports and high domestic stock have accompanied historically high domestic output, a situation dubbed the "triple high" phenomenon in current policy discussion. This paper explores the role of widening domestic-world market price gaps in determining the triple high phenomenon.Unlike earlier studies that relied on production capacities, this paper argues that domestic production and demand (hence imports) are functions of domestic and world market prices and proposes an analytical framework to explicitly capture such price gaps under restricted trade linkages in general equilibrium. Following this approach, a set of price scenarios for the 2011-2020 period are constructed and simulated in a computable general equilibrium model. Results from the core scenarios, in which recent domestic and world market price trends are assumed to continue, suggest that further widening price gaps would substantially increase grain imports and reduce domestic output (by 60 million tons) and self-sufficiency ratios from base levels. In the alternative scenarios with larger (smaller) price gaps, we find higher (lower) imports and larger (smaller) decreases in domestic output and self-sufficiency ratios. Such results provide important policy implications as China's agricultural policy undergoes significant adjustment. 展开更多
关键词 computable general equilibrium model domestic-world market price GAPS food security GRAIN IMPORTS SELF-SUFFICIENCY ratio triple high
Recent Advances in Constructing Nitrogen-Containing Heterocycles via Electrochemical Dehydrogenation 认领
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作者 Zenghui Ye Fengzhi Zhang 《中国化学:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第5期513-528,共16页
In considerati on of the imports nee of n itrogen-contai ning heterocycles in both medicinal and material chemistry, herein, we intend to summarize the most recent advances about their synthesis by electrochemical deh... In considerati on of the imports nee of n itrogen-contai ning heterocycles in both medicinal and material chemistry, herein, we intend to summarize the most recent advances about their synthesis by electrochemical dehydrogenation. 展开更多
关键词 IMPORTS MATERIAL MEDICINAL
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