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Study on the Relationship Between the Audit Committee of Ipo Firms and the First-Day Stock Earnings 认领
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作者 Zhangying She 《财经研究杂志(英文)》 2020年第2期21-24,共4页
This paper mainly discusses the relationship between the audit committee of IPO firms and the stock returns on the first day of trading on the stock exchange.Using the sample of 21 firms that made an initial public of... This paper mainly discusses the relationship between the audit committee of IPO firms and the stock returns on the first day of trading on the stock exchange.Using the sample of 21 firms that made an initial public offering in ASX between 2008 and 2010,Regression analysis was used to conclude that the existence of the audit committee of IPO firms and listed on the first day of the stock returns have no significant direct relationships.The result shows that the audit committee has no effect on the earnings of the first day of listing,and the establishment of the audit committee may not be considered before listing. 展开更多
关键词 IPO firms Listed firms Audit committee Regression analysis
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Testing Operating Performance of Chinese Listed Firms before and after Cross-border M&As: The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation 认领
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作者 Se Chen Mingxian Li Jun Li 《Innovation and Development Policy》 2020年第1期64-82,共19页
At a time when China encourages its firms to go overseas,especially to countries and regions involved in its"Belt and Road Initiative",and sets up a favorable domestic environment for innovation and entrepre... At a time when China encourages its firms to go overseas,especially to countries and regions involved in its"Belt and Road Initiative",and sets up a favorable domestic environment for innovation and entrepreneurship,this paper is a first trial looking along both the two dimensions to test whether Chinese firms’operating performance changes after cross-border merger and acquisition(CBM&A)activities,using entrepreneurial orientation(EO)as a moderating factor.The paper combines data from Chinese listed firms’annual reports,Chinese stock market financial statements database and the Zephyr database from 2001 to 2015 to examine how acquirers’operating performance changes after CBM&A activities using EO as a moderating factor.In order to test whether the results are affected by the stock market,this paper also defines abnormal return on equity(ROE)to detect abnormal operating performance.After these,the paper divides the sample into separate industry groups to see whether results will change.The results obtained for the whole sample show that the performance of Chinese listed firms is fluctuant after CBM&As within the sample years.It increases one year after the acquisition but drops two years later and then follows an increasing trend again.The moderating factor of EO is not significant for the sample as a whole.However,after dividing the sample into separate industry groups,it becomes clear that different industries have their own characteristics.EO helps Chinese listed firms to adjust to the post-acquisition situation and even to improve their performance to some extent in the metal mining industry and the business services industry.When ROE is substituted with abnormal ROE,the results do not change much. 展开更多
关键词 Chinese listed firms cross-border merger and acquisition operating performance entrepreneurial orientation
技术性贸易措施对中国企业出口决策的影响--基于出口强度与市场范围视角的考察 认领 被引量:2
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作者 朱信凯 孔哲礼 李慧 《国际贸易问题》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第3期56-70,共15页
本文利用企业出口决策模型阐明了技术性贸易措施对企业出口强度和市场范围的影响,并基于2010-2015年中国出口企业的微观数据进行了验证。研究表明:技术性贸易措施对企业出口规模和市场范围的扩大具有显著的阻碍作用;并且企业受影响频次... 本文利用企业出口决策模型阐明了技术性贸易措施对企业出口强度和市场范围的影响,并基于2010-2015年中国出口企业的微观数据进行了验证。研究表明:技术性贸易措施对企业出口规模和市场范围的扩大具有显著的阻碍作用;并且企业受影响频次比越高,负面效应越明显;技术性贸易措施影响的覆盖范围越广泛,就越能倒逼企业进行有效应对,其负面效应将有所减弱;具体到技术性贸易措施的不同类型,技术法规与标准主要制约企业出口强度的扩大,而合格评定程序则主要限制企业出口市场范围;但不管哪种类型的措施,对农产品企业的负面影响程度都会高于工业品企业。 展开更多
关键词 技术性贸易措施 企业 出口强度 市场范围
“十四五”区域科技创新体系三大主体建设思路 认领
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作者 李春成 《创新科技》 2020年第6期10-17,共8页
集聚及其循环累积效应带来区域的发展,解聚带来区域的衰退,其决定因素是创新。提高区域创新能力的关键在于企业、大学、科研院所三大创新主体能力。在新经济环境下,未来企业、大学、科研院所呈现出许多新的发展趋势。从区域科技创新体... 集聚及其循环累积效应带来区域的发展,解聚带来区域的衰退,其决定因素是创新。提高区域创新能力的关键在于企业、大学、科研院所三大创新主体能力。在新经济环境下,未来企业、大学、科研院所呈现出许多新的发展趋势。从区域科技创新体系的视角,提出了企业、大学、科研院所在未来五年各自的建设定位与方向、重点与任务。 展开更多
关键词 区域创新体系 创新主体 企业 大学 科研院所 五年规划
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Home purchase restriction, real estate investment, and corporate innovation 认领
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作者 Weida Kuang Changyu Chen Qilin Wang 《中国工商管理研究前沿:英文版》 2020年第4期519-539,共21页
It is ubiquitous for non-real estate firms to condua real estate business in China.Home purchase restriction(HPR)affeas corporate innovation by dampening the real estate investment of non-real estate firms.The extant ... It is ubiquitous for non-real estate firms to condua real estate business in China.Home purchase restriction(HPR)affeas corporate innovation by dampening the real estate investment of non-real estate firms.The extant literature has examined the impaa of HPR on corporate innovation,but it has not focused on the expeaation of HPR and the endogeneity problem.Employing a dataset of 1,830 listed non-real estate firms over the period 2009-2016,this research explores the expectation of HPR on corporate innovation based on the motivations for real estate investment in non-real estate firms.We demonstrate that HPR facilitates the enhancement of research and development(R&D)investment in non-real estate listed firms by hindering real estate investment,particularly for non-high-tech firms.The effects of HPR arrive at the crest in the third implementation year and remain steady thereafter.The real estate investment of non-real estate firms rebounds and the R&D investment declines along with the cancellation of HPR.Tackling the selection bias and endogeneity problems,the baseline results are also robust.Hence,HPR should serve as a long-term vehicle to improving corporate innovation,in addition to preventing housing speculation. 展开更多
关键词 Home purchase restriaion(HPR)expeaation Real estate investment Nonreal estate firms Corporate innovation
Crisis challenges of small firms in Macao during the COVID-19 pandemic 认领
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作者 Jose CAlves Tan Cheng Lok Yubo Luo and Wei Hao 《中国工商管理研究前沿:英文版》 2020年第4期403-425,共23页
This research develops a framework that combines crisis stages,stakeholder engagement and crisis challenges.The framework is applied to small firms in Macao during the 2019 novel coronavirus disease(COVID-19)pandemic ... This research develops a framework that combines crisis stages,stakeholder engagement and crisis challenges.The framework is applied to small firms in Macao during the 2019 novel coronavirus disease(COVID-19)pandemic crisis.We conduct a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews with the leaders of six small firms in Macao.The findings suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic has turned into a"normal"context,which blurs the traditional crisis termination stage.We also find that participating firms engage more with internal stakeholders than external ones.The strategies adopted by small firms include flexible human resource(HR)practices,cost reduction,enhancing customer relations,and using government support schemes.These strategies are effective in the short term;firms need to pay attention to diversity and learning for the long term. 展开更多
关键词 Crisis development Crisis strategies Small firms 2019 novel coronavirus disease(COVID-19) MACAO
Generic and SME-specific factors that influence the BIM adoption process: an overview that highlights gaps in the literature 认领
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作者 Elodie HOCHSCHEID Gilles HALIN 《工程管理前沿:英文版》 2020年第1期119-130,共12页
Building information modeling/management(BIM)is an emerging technological and procedural shift in the architecture,engineering,construction and operation industry.In this study,we use an extensive state-of-the-art met... Building information modeling/management(BIM)is an emerging technological and procedural shift in the architecture,engineering,construction and operation industry.In this study,we use an extensive state-of-the-art method to clarify the BIM adoption process and the factors that can influence the success or failure of BIM adoption,particularly during the implementation stage,which are not frequently found in the literature.As an innovation,the lexical field allocated to the spread of innovations is assigned to BIM(diffusion,adoption,and implementation).After recalling the definition of relevant terms and then removing the resulting inconsistencies in vocabularies,we investigate various studies to identify factors that influence BIM adoption and then unify all these studies in one coherent and consistent BIM adoption process model.We focus on factors that play a role in the adoption of BIM in small-and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs)because SMEs constitute the majority of companies in the construction sector.This research highlights and intends to fill in some gaps found in the current BIM adoption literature. 展开更多
关键词 BIM ADOPTION diffusion implementation change management SMEs LITERATURE review architecture FIRMS
Can Positive Entrepreneurship Policies Always Improve Social Welfare? 认领
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作者 Xiang LI Yanmei XU 《系统科学与信息学报:英文版》 CSCD 2020年第2期148-158,共11页
The entrepreneurship has positive and significant connection with economic growth.Competition would be increased by new entrants in the market;then,social welfare would be improved.Thus,positive entrepreneurship polic... The entrepreneurship has positive and significant connection with economic growth.Competition would be increased by new entrants in the market;then,social welfare would be improved.Thus,positive entrepreneurship policies are often linked to increased social welfare by authorities.In this paper,we focus on a certain case where potential entrepreneurs are employees of existing firms to test the above ideas.The purpose of our research is to assess the variation of social welfare in the context of employer-restricted separation.Therefore,the model of Cournot competition where employees constitute the only entry threat was used in this paper.The results demonstrate that social welfare would not always be improved even in a good entrepreneurial context.If the deterring strategy is present,the relationship between positive entrepreneurship policies and increased social welfare might not hold,or would depend on the different strategies adopted by the incumbent.Therefore,the sustainability of a positive entrepreneurship policy would be impaired by incumbent firms. 展开更多
关键词 EMPLOYEE ENTREPRENEURSHIP incumbent FIRMS deterring strategies SOCIAL WELFARE
The “Start-up a Business” Strategy in the Succession Process Planning at the Top of Family Firms 认领
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作者 Domenico Nicolò Giuseppe Valenza 《美中经济评论:英文版》 2019年第2期1-12,共12页
In small family firms,succession to the top is very critical stage of their lives.A high percentage of these firms do not survive their founder.When the successor takes the reins of the company,he has no experience an... In small family firms,succession to the top is very critical stage of their lives.A high percentage of these firms do not survive their founder.When the successor takes the reins of the company,he has no experience and reputation.For this reason,he very often fails to allow the family firm to survive after its founder.Although many streams of research address succession in family businesses,significant gaps in the literature remain in the field of the strategies that can mitigate the vulnerability of the family firms when the old leader retires and a new leader takes the reins of the company.The underlying argument in this paper is:By starting up one’s own company some years before taking the lead,the successor can solve the problem of his lack of experience and entrepreneurial reputation.If he succeeds in starting up his own company,he will develop experience,reputation,and legitimation on becoming the new head of the family firm.The founder’s original collaborators,commercial partners,and stakeholders will also thrust him.Finally,this paper presents the results of a survey based on 28 questionnaires filled by the protagonists of the succession to the top of family firms.Some of the candidates to succession have started their own firms prior to taking on the reins of their family businesses.This sample is significant as this strategy of training and the gaining of experience by the successor after starting up his own business is not very widespread in family firms.Moreover,it has produced impressive results in companies that have adopted it.This strategy is also very useful in preventing father-son conflicts that affect the survival of many family firms and help the successor to build his reputation,legitimation,and to learn through experience how to manage an enterprise.It also allows the successor to experiment with innovations and internalisation processes in his own start-up;thus,removing any risk to his family firm.These experiences can benefit the family business after the successor takes over the lead 展开更多
关键词 SUCCESSION strategy in FAMILY FIRMS PLANNING in FAMILY FIRMS START-UP FAMILY FIRM FAMILY business
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Marketing Program Implementation of Greek Fisheries Firms 认领
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作者 Eleni Kaimakoudi Christina Sepetzoglou 《水产科学杂志(英文)》 2019年第2期1-6,共6页
This study analyses the marketing program implementation in Greek fisheries firms.In this perspective,quantitative research with personal interviews to fisheries firms’executives is elaborated.Data were analyzed elab... This study analyses the marketing program implementation in Greek fisheries firms.In this perspective,quantitative research with personal interviews to fisheries firms’executives is elaborated.Data were analyzed elaborating cluster and discriminant analysis.Findings reveal that there are two distinct groups of Greek fisheries firms regarding their decisions about the components of marketing mix.The results demonstrate that there are differences among the two groups mainly in terms of price and distribution policies.Particularly,62.6% of sample firms seem to dispose a differential marketing mix,while 37.4% of sample firms seem to dispose a non-differential marketing mix.Notably,both clusters are not aware of quality and sustainability assurance certifications regarding seafood products.From this perspective,there is a potential for a better organized marketing program implementation aiming to respond efficiently in modern market needs. 展开更多
关键词 MARKETING program implementation MARKETING MIX elements FISHERIES FIRMS CLUSTER analysis
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Effects of E-Commerce Platforms on Firm Export——Evidence from China's Industrial Enterprises 认领
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作者 岳云嵩 李兵 《中国经济学人:英文版》 2019年第5期112-125,共14页
With deepening digital technology applications in international trade, e-commerce platforms have become a major avenue for firm export. Based on a multicountry, multi-product heterogeneous firms trade theory model, th... With deepening digital technology applications in international trade, e-commerce platforms have become a major avenue for firm export. Based on a multicountry, multi-product heterogeneous firms trade theory model, this paper investigates the firm export effects of e-commerce platforms, and empirically tests the inferences from the model using data from Alibaba China Station, China industrial enterprises data, and China customs data from 2000 to 2009. Our estimation result shows that overall, e-commerce platforms significantly increase firm export probability and volume;e-commerce platforms enable firms to export products of different types to more countries by reducing the cost of information and export markets threshold while raising trade efficiency. Further analysis of enterprise heterogeneity reveals that SMEs, firms in China's eastern region, and general exporters benefit more from e-commerce platforms than other types of firms do. 展开更多
关键词 E-COMMERCE platform ALIBABA MANUFACTURING FIRMS EXPORT
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Factors Affecting Financial Performance of Tourism Destination Firms Listed on Stock Exchanges in China 认领
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作者 Dingchen Cui 《商业经济研究(百图)》 2019年第5期23-28,共6页
Purpose:the aim of this research is to test the effect of financial ratio on the financial performance of tourism destination firms listed on stock exchange in China.The research selected ratios:current ratio(CR)as a ... Purpose:the aim of this research is to test the effect of financial ratio on the financial performance of tourism destination firms listed on stock exchange in China.The research selected ratios:current ratio(CR)as a dimension of liquidity,total asset turnover ratio(TATR)as a dimension of asset utilization,debt ratio(DE)as a dimension of leverage,natural logarithm of total asset(LNTA)as a dimension of firm size,GDP growth rate as a dimension of economic prosperity,and effective tax rate as a dimension of effective tax.This research will use return on asset(ROA),return on sales(ROS),return on equity(ROE)and sales growth(SG)to determine the financial performance.Since stock exchange founded in China,tourism destination firm developed very fast.However tourism destination listed firms have weakness financial performance.Design/methodology/approach:the research data collected from quarterly financial report,from 2012 Q1 to 2018 Q4.The secondary data has been analyzed by multiple regression.Finding:the result indicate that CR,TATR,GDP growth rate have positive impact on financial performance.While DE has negative impact on financial performance.And LNTA has a mix result with financial performance.Originality/value:This study led to the effect of financial ratios on tourism's financial performance since past researches with this aim were difficult to identify and certain references were not specifically linked to the topic. 展开更多
关键词 Tourism DESTINATION FIRMS Financial performance Finance LIQUIDITY Asset utilization DEBT ratio Leverage economic PROSPERITY Firm size Effective tax
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A Study on the Activities During the Fuzzy Front End in New Product Development Projects of Korean ICT Firms 认领
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作者 Heeja Yoon Jeonglim Yun +1 位作者 Akio Nagahira Shuichi Ishida 《管理研究:英文版》 2019年第4期257-275,共19页
Although previous studies on Korean manufacturing firms have empirically analyzed the causal relationship between activities during the FFE(Fuzzy Front End)and success of NPD(New Product Development)of Korean manufact... Although previous studies on Korean manufacturing firms have empirically analyzed the causal relationship between activities during the FFE(Fuzzy Front End)and success of NPD(New Product Development)of Korean manufacturing firms,no study has concretely focused on Korean ICT(Information and Communications Technology)firms and their FFE activities.The main aim of this study is to identify the activities of these firms during their FFE and provide managerial insights into the other ICT firms.The authors conducted a survey(106 valid responses)that their FFE activities on new product development project managers in Korean ICT firms.The results showed that even though new product development managers of Korean ICT firms did not search for ideas systemically,they communicated with those departments/divisions that had frequent interaction with customers for idea assessment,with the active involvement of middle-or higher-level managers.They thoroughly established initial plans in the pre-development stages and seriously analyzed competitors’products and direct and indirect customer interactions in their market survey activities. 展开更多
关键词 KOREAN ICT FIRMS new product development project MANAGER fuzzy front end activities
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“双重管制”对企业创新的影响研究 认领 被引量:9
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作者 李追阳 余明桂 《管理学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第8期1177-1186,共10页
以我国2010-2016年沪深两市A股上市公司为研究样本,重点考察了“双重管制”对企业创新的影响。研究发现:“双重管制”显著促进了国有企业的创新投入和创新产出;同时,“双重管制”还显著提升了国有企业创新效率。进一步研究还发现,... 以我国2010-2016年沪深两市A股上市公司为研究样本,重点考察了“双重管制”对企业创新的影响。研究发现:“双重管制”显著促进了国有企业的创新投入和创新产出;同时,“双重管制”还显著提升了国有企业创新效率。进一步研究还发现,在“双重管制”的背景下,公司治理的优化和高管政治晋升偏好的增加可能成为“双重管制”影响企业创新的背后机制。 展开更多
关键词 企业创新 管制 A股上市公司 国有企业 研究样本 创新产出 创新投入 创新效率
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Stock Market Reaction to Yearly Earnings Announcements for Firms in Financial Distress:Evidences from Italy 认领
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作者 Chiara Carlino Sandro Brunelli Alessandro Giosi 《现代会计与审计:英文版》 2018年第7期357-379,共23页
The purpose of this paper is to feed the debate regarding investor’s reaction to relevant financial information releases as yearly earnings announcements(EAs)with a specific focus on financial distressed firms.Using ... The purpose of this paper is to feed the debate regarding investor’s reaction to relevant financial information releases as yearly earnings announcements(EAs)with a specific focus on financial distressed firms.Using the event study methodology and adopting two well-known tests in the literature,we analyzed Italian listed companies in the period of 2008-2016,to detect whether there is a market reaction to EAs releases for firms in financial distress,adopting as a measure of financial distress the presence in the audit report of a going concern opinion(GCO).In the Italian legislation,the GCO must be communicated immediately to the market and this can be done before,simultaneously or after EAs.The achieved results shed light on the negative impact of EAs of distressed firms receiving a GCO.On the other hand,the possibility that negative abnormal returns are mainly due to the GCO release cannot be neglected.Hence,through additional tests,we found that effects of EAs are more persistent and significant than GCOs,in accordance with the prevailing literature,which sees,on average,EAs predominant information for investors.Our study is pioneering in disentangling possible effects of confounding events for the Italian stock market.The EAs superior effect confirms the dynamics characterizing weak and small equity markets as Italy where,before GCOs releases,some relevant and more precise information(such as earnings magnitude)is often held by shareholders because of the high percentage of family firms and/or concentrated ownership,demonstrating also the weakness of auditor profession if compared with other developed countries. 展开更多
关键词 EARNINGS ANNOUNCEMENT financial distressed FIRMS STOCK market return ITALIAN STOCK Exchange event study
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企业与科研单位协同创新产出水平提升机制 认领 被引量:3
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作者 陈卫东 李晓晓 《系统工程理论与实践》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2017年第8期2141-2151,共11页
提升企业和科研单位在协同创新中的努力水平能够有效提升创新产出.综合考虑科研单位和企业在协同创新中投入的开发成本和协同成本以及技术和产品产出价值分配的两个阶段和各自获得的收益,构建协同创新中企业和科研单位努力水平模型,... 提升企业和科研单位在协同创新中的努力水平能够有效提升创新产出.综合考虑科研单位和企业在协同创新中投入的开发成本和协同成本以及技术和产品产出价值分配的两个阶段和各自获得的收益,构建协同创新中企业和科研单位努力水平模型,分析函数的性质及数值算例,得出如下结论:考虑协同成本和研发成本的前提下,在合理的范围内提升科研单位在协同创新中的地位或科研单位的收益,能够有效提升努力水平较低的一方的创新努力水平;当企业的努力水平较高时,提升创新技术和产品的市场化率能够提升企业参与协同创新的努力水平.研究结论对提高企业和科研单位协同创新努力水平,提升协同创新产出水平具有重大理论和实践价值. 展开更多
关键词 企业 科研单位 协同创新 努力水平 创新产出
地方政府官员能否提振本地企业出口——来自中国地级市市长和市委书记的证据 认领
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作者 黄顺武 刘海洋 李婷 《国际贸易问题》 CSSCI 北大核心 2017年第8期40-50,共11页
中国对外贸易取得了令人瞩目的巨大成功,但成功背后是否有各级地方政府官员付出的巨大努力?为此本文收集了中国1999-2009年间2000多任地级市市长和市委书记的数据,并将其与辖区内的企业一一匹配,来考察地方政府官员对企业出口的影响。... 中国对外贸易取得了令人瞩目的巨大成功,但成功背后是否有各级地方政府官员付出的巨大努力?为此本文收集了中国1999-2009年间2000多任地级市市长和市委书记的数据,并将其与辖区内的企业一一匹配,来考察地方政府官员对企业出口的影响。结果表明:政府官员任职稳定能显著促进企业出口,且主管经济工作的市长影响更大;对政府官员个体特征的分析表明,干部队伍建设的"年轻化、知识化、专业化",能显著促进企业出口;运用倍差法和二元边际分析方法估算影响区域和贸易模式,上述结论依然稳健,且政府官员会同时提振企业出口的集约边际和扩展边际。因此稳定而且素质较高的干部队伍是缔造中国出口奇迹的重要力量。 展开更多
关键词 地方政府官员 干部队伍 企业 出口
中资银行国际化对企业境外投资的影响分析 认领
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作者 钟昌标 王玲玲 梁振 《昆明理工大学学报:社会科学版》 2017年第1期51-65,共15页
利用中资银行设立海外分支机构与中资企业对外直接投资(ODI)的相关数据,运用倍差法分析中资银行国际化经营对中资企业ODI的影响。研究发现:中资银行海外分支机构的设立显著促进了中资企业ODI的增长;同时,中资银行海外分支机构设立的... 利用中资银行设立海外分支机构与中资企业对外直接投资(ODI)的相关数据,运用倍差法分析中资银行国际化经营对中资企业ODI的影响。研究发现:中资银行海外分支机构的设立显著促进了中资企业ODI的增长;同时,中资银行海外分支机构设立的数量越多,对中资企业ODI的推动作用越强。从动态来看,中资银行海外分支机构设立对中资企业ODI的影响,在海外分支机构设立1年后变得显著,并且随着时间的推移,对中资企业ODI的影响逐渐增大。该研究从中资银行国际化的视角,分析了金融发展对企业对外直接投资的影响,在银行业国际化与制造企业国际化交叉研究上具有重要的理论与现实意义。 展开更多
关键词 中资银行 国际化 企业 对外直接投资(ODI) 海外分支机构
安徽省工业企业低碳化发展对策研究-基于合肥经济圈的实证分析 认领
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作者 范海洲 阮遥军 《陕西学前师范学院学报》 2017年第12期47-50,共4页
随着低碳经济时代的到来,低碳发展、节能减排已成为工业企业可持续发展的关键.通过对安徽省工业企业碳排放 现状及存在的问题进行分析,对比合肥经济圈组建前后碳排放趋势的变化,从产业结构优化、区域分工合作以及低碳技术创 新等方面,... 随着低碳经济时代的到来,低碳发展、节能减排已成为工业企业可持续发展的关键.通过对安徽省工业企业碳排放 现状及存在的问题进行分析,对比合肥经济圈组建前后碳排放趋势的变化,从产业结构优化、区域分工合作以及低碳技术创 新等方面,提出安徽省工业企业低碳化发展对策. 展开更多
关键词 工业企业 低碳经济 产业结构 经济圈
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近代东北商号的慈善公益事业 认领
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作者 王福华 《历史教学:高校版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2016年第5期20-26,共7页
中国东北地区商号虽然起步晚,发展缓慢且水平不高,但是却为东北地区经济发展做出了巨大的贡献。同时,东北地区商号不仅关注自身发展,而且关注社会慈善公益事业,为东北地区和其他地区人民做了很多善事。因而,可以说,商人在突显追... 中国东北地区商号虽然起步晚,发展缓慢且水平不高,但是却为东北地区经济发展做出了巨大的贡献。同时,东北地区商号不仅关注自身发展,而且关注社会慈善公益事业,为东北地区和其他地区人民做了很多善事。因而,可以说,商人在突显追逐利润的同时,也彰显了商人行善的一面,为世人所追念。 展开更多
关键词 东北地区 商号 慈善公益
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