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Japanese Science and Technology Basic Plan: A Perspective of Policy Process 认领
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作者 Yukihide Hayashi 《Innovation and Development Policy》 2019年第1期24-38,共15页
The Japanese government formulates the Science and Technology Basic Plan every five years based on the Science and Technology Basic Law, and indicates the future direction of Japan’s science and technology. This pape... The Japanese government formulates the Science and Technology Basic Plan every five years based on the Science and Technology Basic Law, and indicates the future direction of Japan’s science and technology. This paper describes its history, significance, and decision process of this Science and Technology Basic Plan. Then this paper describes the characteristics of the previous five plans, contributions to Japanese science and technological activities, and its challenges for the future. In the formulation of the Science and Technology Basic Plan, the role of the Council for Science and Technology Policy has been significant. However, after establishing Shinzo Abe administration, the inclination to global innovation has been emphasized in Japan as well, the Council for Science and Technology Policy was renamed the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, and the midterm and annual strategies centered on innovation have also been prepared. This paper described these movements.Japan suffers from population decline and the increase in governmental deficits, and there is also a tendency towards weakness in science and technology innovation. To formulate more suitable science and technology basic plans will revitalize and strengthen Japan’s science and technology innovation. 展开更多
关键词 science and technology agency science and technology basic law science and technology basic plan five years plan council for science and technology policy the council for science technology and innovation Shinzo Abe Japan
我国知识产权制度及科技法律政策之新节点——评2017美对华301调查报告及我国之应对 认领 被引量:3
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作者 易继明 李春晖 《陕西师范大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期61-76,共16页
2017美对华301调查报告及随之而来的贸易战有其宏大的背景,不单是知识产权问题。但知识产权问题确系抓手。美国及西方对中国态度的转变,缘于中国发展阶段的变化和实力的增强,我国自身亦在调整。除开该报告证据不足、中方行为并未违法或... 2017美对华301调查报告及随之而来的贸易战有其宏大的背景,不单是知识产权问题。但知识产权问题确系抓手。美国及西方对中国态度的转变,缘于中国发展阶段的变化和实力的增强,我国自身亦在调整。除开该报告证据不足、中方行为并未违法或违反双边或多边规则或承诺、美方单边措施不符合WTO多边规则的缺陷之外,该报告提出的问题与中国自身改革需求有其契合之处。从国家可持续发展计,我国应进一步完善知识产权及科技法律体系,推进知识产权综合管理改革、树立负责任的知识产权创造和保护强国的形象;调整科技法律政策的导向和重心,观念和环境都要从'追赶型'切换到'创新型',提供友好的、利于开拓性创新的营商环境;在更广泛的意义上,则须慎重思考创新领域的国有资本和产业政策,避免扭曲创新市场。当然,从外交和国家整体利益考虑,需要剥离掉美国政策中对中国不利的部分,殊无疑义。 展开更多
关键词 知识产权 科技法律政策 301调查报告 技术转移 商业秘密
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