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秦“从人”简与战国秦汉时期的“合从” 认领

“Assertor of Alliance” in Bamboo Slips of Qin and “Vertical Alliance” in the Warring States and Qin-Han Period
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摘要 新近公布的里耶秦简和岳麓书院藏秦简中均有"从人"简。"从"意为"合从""从亲",专指关东六国缔结盟约,联合抗秦。《岳麓秦简(伍)》013 018简表明,至晚在公元前228年秦灭赵以后便兴起从人狱,故赵将军乐突及其亲属、舍人均被列为从人,在全国范围内进行通缉。从人狱波及全国,历时长久。从人及其亲属、舍人除被处死刑者外,均被输往巴、洞庭、苍梧等边境郡县,从事制盐、种田、土木工程等劳役,终身不得赦免。直至秦始皇三十五年,才因某突发事件,赦免部分故代从人。秦始皇对从人的态度反映在秦始皇二十六年议帝号诏和三十七年会稽山刻石中。 There are both characters of"cong ren"(assertor of alliance)in the newly published bamboo slips of the Qin dynasty found in Liye and collected in the Yuelu Academy.The character"cong"means specifically to the six states east of Shanhai Pass alied to fight against the State of Qin.The bamboo slips from No.013 to No.018 collected in the Yuelu Academy show that since 228 B.C.at lastest,the prison of retinues had been risen in the State of Qin,and Yue Tu,the former general of Zhao,as well as his kinsfolk and housemen were all wanted throughout the state.Except the ones who were sentenced to death,the assertors of alliance and their kinsfolk and housemen were sent to border prefectures and counties such as Ba,Dongting,and Cangwu,to work on forced labor including salt manufacturing,farming,civil engineering without remission for life.Until 212 B.C.,part of the assertors of alliance were remitted because of a certain emergency.
作者 杨振红 Yang Zhenhong(不详)
出处 《文史哲》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第3期125-136,168,共13页 Literature,History,and Philosophy
基金 国家社科基金重大项目“先秦乐学文献整理与研究”(17ZDA250)的阶段性成果.
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