The emperors and the local rulers of the separatist regime in Sui and Tang dynasties were endowed or granted the title of Qaghan or Khan,which is obviously the outcome of the frequent interaction and communication between agriculture-based dynasty and north nomadic power.It also shows ups and downs of agricultural and pastoral powers in east Eurasia.The providers and the acceptors of the title of Qaghan or khan,that is,the nomadic rulers and the emperors and regional rulers of the separatist powers in north China in Sui-tang dynasties took different position and attitude to the appellation at different stages for their own interests by bilateral or multilateral relationship and their respective strength.The essence is that the various forces involved in it,leveraging each other and wrestling with each other,use it as a strategy and tool to seek to resolve the crisis and obtain benefits,and this interactive process promotes the deepening of cognition and blend coexistence between the agricultural and pastoral(North-south)peoples in the medieval time of China.
Inner Mongolia Social Sciences
Title of Qaghan/Khan
Interaction between Agricultural and Pastoral(North-south)Peoples
Blending and Coexisting
Unification of all of Peoples